Professor Antonia Finnane delivered the 2013 Kathleen Fitzpatrick lecture on 16 May 2013, on the subject The Use and Abuse of History in the People’s Republic of China. In the lecture Professor Finnane spoke about history and propaganda in contemporary China, taking her point of departure from Chairman Xi Jinping’s visit to the history exhibit, “Road to Revival,” in the National Museum of China in November 2012. Widely reported in the Chinese press, that visit provided the occasion for the Communist Party’s new leader to describe his dream of a rejuvenated China. What did the exhibit tell him about China’s past? And what does it tell us about China today?